Greece: Athens and Lycia (Room 15)

520 430 BC

Following the defeat of the Persian invasion of Greece in 480 - 479 BC, democratic Athens built up a powerful maritime empire. In an age of prosperity Athenian artists flourished, and Athens’ distinctive painted pottery was exported all over the Mediterranean world.

In Room 15, pottery is shown alongside other objects to illustrate such themes as democracy, the human body, the Athenian Empire and the people of Athens. Among those pressed into joining Athens’ tribute-paying were the Lycians - so-called allies of the empire living in what is now south-west Turkey.

Sculpture in this gallery comes from tombs and shrines built on the acropolis of Lycian Xanthos.